Maps of Jennings and Ripley County, by William W. Borden (c. 1875): Part 1

This will be part one of a two-part feature on this collection item. Please be sure to check back in the near future for part two from Chris Marshall, who will give more information about the map book’s creator and the historical importance of its contents.

Rescuing a Book of Hand-drawn Maps from Repairs Gone Wrong

When Indiana Division Librarian Chris Marshall recently brought me a book of hand-drawn maps for consultation, it was a bittersweet experience. This little volume created by William W. Borden in 1875 contains notes, maps, and delightful remnants of pressed plants, evidence of which only remains in the impressions and acidic discoloration in the paper. Chris had selected the volume for digitization due to a patron request, but it needed some conservation treatment beforehand.


Suffering from loose pages, pages stuck together, taped hinges, and a fragile leather cover completely encased in stiff library book cloth with what was likely an overzealous coating of paste, this little book had received so much well-meaning but poorly executed repair work that it could barely open. A little pocket at the back also held three additional maps, each broken at their fold-lines in four sections. After some discussion with our Genealogy Division Supervising Librarian, Stephanie Asberry, a treatment plan for how best to restore access to this volume was agreed upon.

Here was the plan:

  1. Separate text block from binding safely
  2. Remove tape
  3. Separate all pages adhered together if possible
  4. Mend all loose pages back into sections
  5. Re-sew text block in a way that allows a relaxed, flat opening
  6. Mend the three additional maps back into one piece
  7. Send all to Chris Marshall for digitizing
  8. See if the original leather binding can be rescued from the book cloth
  9. Rebind either in original binding or new case, storing old binding with the book

As you can see, we are currently up to step eight:

Stuck pages have been safely separated. The title page seen in the first before image was a later, modern addition that Borden would not have intended to be there. We decided to separate the page and use the information for cataloging only.

Pages have been mended back together and the text block sewn back together for a comfortable, flat opening.

The pages can now relax flat.

Loose page from the before images above has been mended back in.

Lovely acidic discoloration left behind from a long-missing plant fragment.

While I was able to very carefully remove the book cloth from the leather binding, the leather is very stiff and brittle. Because it no longer flexes, it would not be safe to rebind back into its original binding.

When I receive the volume back from Chris from digitization, I will rebind it in a new case and create a box for the volume, the extra maps, and the original binding. At that point it will be readily available for researchers to view in person in addition to the digitized copy Chris will make available online in the near future.

Stay tuned for a part two about this map book in the near future! Also, if you’re interested in learning more about William W. Borden, the Indiana Historical Bureau had a wonderfully written feature about him in The Indiana Historian, December 1995 available here.

This blog post was written by Rebecca Shindel, Conservator, Indiana State Library.

5 thoughts on “Maps of Jennings and Ripley County, by William W. Borden (c. 1875): Part 1

  1. Thank you so much to everyone involved for preserving and digitizing this volume. It is a treasure!

  2. I’m sure this comment will have a divided view point. As a professional in historical preservation myself, I realize the limited dollars and resources we have in the libraries. I ask this question with an interest in learning about this subject. I don’t see the benefit of salvaging the “original materials” of some historical findings. Having had family that were some of the earliest pioneers in the early 1820s in Ripley county’s Delaware township, I was excited to find the digital copy of the 1875 map. I don’t see the value in all of the other work to have a working original (binding etc). Would it not be better to use the libraries resources in preservation than reinvention? Most of my clients and myself prefer to put the labor into restoration of scratches and tears even if digitally done to create the keepsake historical photos and other artifacts that are dear to us. Thanks for reading.

  3. I am sure the original made you want to weep. However, kudos for tackling it and restoring it to life once again.

  4. Thank you for everyone’s comments!

    Dan Meno: Thank you for your thoughtful question. I have been asked this before, and it is quite a nuanced question indeed.

    It is perfectly fine for a person to choose to digitally preserve something they own without physically conserving it. I believe, however, that many people would be extremely upset if an historically important item, such as the Constitution of the State of Indiana (in the collection of the Indiana State Archives), was left to degrade over time in a box or discarded altogether because it had been digitized. Admittedly this is a dramatic comparison, but one meant highlight the fact that some items have physical historical information and presence that add depth and understanding to research that a digital copy would lack. It is part of what makes them rare and valued, and not just in the monetary sense. William Borden carried this journal around, jotted down notes, and sketched these maps inside. As he went along, he stuffed little bits of plants that caught his eye between the pages. This gives us a bit of insight into William Borden as a person. This journal is not just a mass-produced book, but a part of our living history.

    We admittedly do not expend this amount of conservation treatment on every collection item because that would not be a reasonable use of our resources. Replaceable items are replaced, but rare and historically important items are physically conserved as well as digitally preserved whenever possible to ensure perpetual and easy access to everyone.

    If you have any further questions, please feel free to reach out to me. Thank you for reading!

Comments are closed.